The USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map is the standard by which gardeners and growers can determine which plants are most likely to thrive at a location. https://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/
What this does for us backyard gardeners is, provide the information needed to keep
us from wasting money on plants and seeds that will not thrive in our parts of the country during the summer or winter season. Below is an example.
Houston, Texas, zone 9,
Listed below are some of the fall season plants, that will most likely thrive in Houston, Texas, zone 9 (2021). Transplants - Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kale, Kohlrabi
Seeds Beets, Turnips, Carrots, Swiss Chard, Collards, Mustards, Garlic, Lettuce family; Arugula Mache, Spinach, Sorrel, onions, Beans, Bush, snap & Lima
In order to identify your planting zone, go to this USDA web site below, input your zip code and get your map. https://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/ These maps changes based on the temperatures experienced in that area.